Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProtein folding at extreme temperatures: current issues
Feller, Georges ULg

in Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology (in press)

Peer Reviewed
See detailEU post-crisis economic and financial market regulation: embedding Member States’ interests within ‘more Europe’
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

in Varju, Marton (Ed.) Between compliance and particularism: Member State interests and European Union law (2018)

In the wake of financial and economic crises, the European Union took unprecedented steps to build an institutional framework accompanying financial market governance. This chapter will outline the EU law ... [more ▼]

In the wake of financial and economic crises, the European Union took unprecedented steps to build an institutional framework accompanying financial market governance. This chapter will outline the EU law techniques used to integrate Member States’ interests in the set-up and functioning of that framework. Following a brief overview and recapitulation of the ‘more Europe’ developments having taken shape in the wake of crisis, the chapter will proceed in summarising how Member States’ interests have been embedded directly within the post-crisis EU regulation framework. It will be submitted that two different and complementary kinds of ‘interest inclusion’ techniques can be distilled, more or less explicitly, within the newly created financial market supervision frameworks. The inclusion and presumed safeguarding of Member States’ interests by virtue of administrative law tools is not entirely unproblematic. The final section of the chapter highlights challenges associated with such interest-inclusion approach and questions whether the a modest way forward in an attempt better to legitimate the current interest inclusion techniques by the EU institutions. [less ▲]

See detailNet Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB): Concepts, Frameworks and Roadmap for Project Analysis and Implementation
Attia, Shady ULg

Book published by Elsevier (2018)

Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB): Concepts, Frameworks and Roadmap for Project Analysis and Implementation the author provide readers elements to understand, combine and contextualize their design ... [more ▼]

Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB): Concepts, Frameworks and Roadmap for Project Analysis and Implementation the author provide readers elements to understand, combine and contextualize their design decisions on Net Zero Energy Buildings. The book is based on learned lessons from NZEB design, construction, operation and integrating the most relevant topics such as Multidisciplinarity, Climate Sensitivity, Comfort requirements, Carbon footprint, Technology, Construction Quality, and Evidence Based Design. Chapter one introduces the context of high performance buildings, chapter two overviews the definition of NZEB, chapter tree covers the performance thresholds for efficient buildings, chapter four covers the design process and its tools, chapter five covers comfort and indoor environmental quality, chapter six covers materials, chapter seven covers systems and building automation, chapter eight covers micro-grid and smart grid, chapter nine discusses construction quality, chapter ten discusses performance monitoring and post occupancy evaluation, chapter eleven brings case studies and the final chapter covers NZEB Roadmap and tools. Professionals in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction industries will benefit of the definitions of the fundamental concepts of the area as well as from the practical approach to evaluating energy efficient building projects. Researchers and students in the area will find particularly interesting the worldwide case studies and articulation of concepts into an evaluation framework. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInternet of Things : learning and practices. Application to Smart Home
Debauche, Olivier ULg; Mahmoudi, Saïd; Belarbi, Mohammed Amin et al

Conference (2018, January)

Internet of Things is becoming widely present in our daily life. In fact, more and more devices able to interact together have been recently designed and launched in the market. Learning Internet of ... [more ▼]

Internet of Things is becoming widely present in our daily life. In fact, more and more devices able to interact together have been recently designed and launched in the market. Learning Internet of Things technologies is becoming unavoidable in education. In this paper, we propose a practical approach allowing to progressively learn, by practice the, essential concepts of Internet of Things applied to Smart Homes. From basic knowledge of C++ language and the use of Arduino or its derived, students can develop skills and also smart applications in the field of Internet of Things. [less ▲]

Peer Reviewed
See detailLa terminologie grecque et latine du plurilinguisme
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Conference (2017, November 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
See detailHarmful tax competition within the European Union: from tax rulings to financial transaction taxes
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Scientific conference (2017, November 24)

In this presentation, I will outline how the EU constitutional framework reacts against harmful tax competition, in addition to showcasing the limits and negative consequences of that approach.

Peer Reviewed
See detailUn autre regard sur la participation des écoles et des élèves à l’enquête du PISA
Raiche, Gilles; Béland, Sébastien; Magis, David ULg

Conference (2017, November 16)

Le Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) a pour objectif de produire des indicateurs sur les habiletés et les connaissances qui contribuent au succès des élèves, des écoles ... [more ▼]

Le Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) a pour objectif de produire des indicateurs sur les habiletés et les connaissances qui contribuent au succès des élèves, des écoles, des systèmes éducatifs et des environnements d’apprentissage (CMEC, 2015, p. 7). Depuis 2000, l’enquête du PISA est planifiée à tous les trois ans pour les élèves de 15 ans en ciblant spécifiquement les matières suivantes : la compréhension de l’écrit, la culture mathématique et la culture scientifique. Dans le cadre de la dernière passation, les résultats des Canadiens à cette enquête ont été salués dans l’ensemble du pays : les élèves se classent dans le groupe des pays les plus performants pour toutes les disciplines couvertes. Par contre, le taux de participation des écoles ainsi que les taux d’exclusions des élèves au regard de divers handicaps, qui pourraient éventuellement avoir un impact sur les résultats et le classement international, ont été critiqués à travers le pays. Cette présentation a comme objectif d’étudier le rendement des élèves canadiens au programme international des acquis scolaires (PISA) entre 2000 à 2015 en fonction de différentes caractéristiques relatives à la participation des écoles et au taux d’exclusion des élèves présentant certains handicaps. Des modèles de régression linéaire à niveaux multiples sont utilisés à cette fin. [less ▲]

Peer Reviewed
See detailConstructing A Green Circular Society
Attia, Shady ULg

in Moula, Munjur; Pekka, Oinas; Jaana, Sorvari (Eds.) et al Constructing A Green Circular Society (2017)

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailH0LiCOW VII: cosmic evolution of the correlation between black hole mass and host galaxy luminosity
Ding, Xuheng; Treu, Tommaso; Suyu, Sherry H. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 472

Strongly lensed active galactic nuclei (AGN) provide a unique opportunity to make progress in the study of the evolution of the correlation between the mass of supermassive black holes (M_BH) and their ... [more ▼]

Strongly lensed active galactic nuclei (AGN) provide a unique opportunity to make progress in the study of the evolution of the correlation between the mass of supermassive black holes (M_BH) and their host galaxy luminosity (L[SUB]host[/SUB]). We demonstrate the power of lensing by analysing two systems for which state-of-the-art lens modelling techniques have been applied to deep Hubble Space Telescope imaging data. We use (i) the reconstructed images to infer the total and bulge luminosity of the host and (ii) published broad-line spectroscopy to estimate M_BH using the so-called virial method. We then enlarge our sample with new calibration of previously published measurements to study the evolution of the correlation out to z ˜ 4.5. Consistent with previous work, we find that without taking into account passive luminosity evolution, the data points lie on the local relation. Once the passive luminosity evolution is taken into account, we find that black holes in the more distant Universe reside in less luminous galaxies than today. Fitting this offset as M_BH/L[SUB]host[/SUB] ∝ (1 + z)[SUP]γ[/SUP], and taking into account selection effects, we obtain γ = 0.6 ± 0.1 and 0.8 ± 0.1 for the case of M_BH-L[SUB]bulge[/SUB] and M_BH-L[SUB]total[/SUB], respectively. To test for systematic uncertainties and selection effects we also consider a reduced sample that is homogeneous in data quality. We find consistent results but with considerably larger uncertainty due to the more limited sample size and redshift coverage (γ = 0.7 ± 0.4 and 0.2 ± 0.5 for M_BH-L[SUB]bulge[/SUB] and M_BH-L[SUB]total[/SUB], respectively), highlighting the need to gather more high-quality data for high-redshift lensed quasar hosts. Our result is consistent with a scenario where the growth of the black hole predates that of the host galaxy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe graffiti ou la consubstantialité du médium et de la situation d’énonciation
Mathy, Adrien ULg

Conference (2017, October 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 ULg)
See detailL’auto-évaluation dans l’application des exceptions en droit économique de l’UE : plusieurs acteurs, nouveaux risques ?
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULg

Scientific conference (2017, October 12)

In this presentation, I will analyse the role of self-evaluation techniques in EU internal market and competition law.

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigation of content of Panda oleosa (Pierre), a plant used in Kisangani areas for its antihyperglycemic activity
Katemo Muhoya, Frédéric; Kadima Ntokamunda, Justin; Njakarinala Ranarivelo et al

Conference (2017, October 05)

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPoor quality medicines in Africa: how to combat this real scourge
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Sacre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Ziemons, Eric ULg et al

Conference (2017, October 04)

Poor (or low) quality medicines remain a crucial problem of public health around the world. They encompass falsified /counterfeit, substandard or degraded drugs. If proportion of 1% is estimated in ... [more ▼]

Poor (or low) quality medicines remain a crucial problem of public health around the world. They encompass falsified /counterfeit, substandard or degraded drugs. If proportion of 1% is estimated in developed countries, they are globally about 10 % of counterfeit drugs according to Food and Drug Administration, with 30% in low income countries and astonishing values (80 %) reported in some African countries. The consequences and dangers of such medicines are therapeutic failure, drug poisoning, microbial resistance or even death. For the pharmaceutical industries, there are loss of image, loss of financial income and employment. There is need to combat this scourge, but most of the time, means are very limited and even lacking. In this context, several means or tools are developed by the ULg Pharmacy Department including the simple ones including organoleptic tests, simple analytical tests such as analytical balance, pHmeter, thin layer chromatography (TLC), UV-visible spectrophotometry to the more complex including liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to UV-Vis detector, or to mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance, Raman imagery (RIM) and near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy associated with the principal component analysis (PCA). In this way, we have analyzed several suspected samples obtained via the public health authorities of the D.R. Congo, Benin and Rwanda after their seizure or through collaborations. The results are presented by therapeutic class, namely: analgesics: - by using LC and complementary information from victim patients, we were able to discover an abnormal presence of a benzodiazepine at very high doses in paracetamol tablets which was the cause of unusual adverse effects (sedative effects, polyuria and hypotension) in patients who have consumed it; - by using the NIR-PCA, we were able to elucidate the substitution of an excipient (glycerol) by diethylene glycol in paracetamol syrup which caused the death of a hundred babies. antimalarials: - we faced cases of arthemether-lumefantrine tablets which had no therapeutic effect. By means of TLC and LC, the absence of these two active ingredients was clearly demonstrated, but the presence of starch was revealed by RIM; - another case of quinine tablets that had no expected pharmacological effect was faced. The use of several combined techniques (TLC, LC-MS, NMR and RIM) allowed to detect the presence of a substance with an imidazole structure (antamoeba). antibiotics: - the case of amoxicillin powder which after reconstitution in hospital caused poisoning of the babies until death for some was investigated. The reconstitution of the suspension in the laboratory had revealed the misuse of hydrogen peroxide instead of distilled water; - we participated to a large-scale study (80 samples of amoxicillin powder) that showed 8% of overdose. The cases presented indicate that there are effectively poor quality medicines and there is need to sustain strong collaborations while reinforcing appropriate measures to protect users. [less ▲]