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See detailL’ABSP: 20 ans de science politique en Belgique francophone
Reuchamps, Min; Van Haute, Emilie; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg et al

Book published by Academia-L’Harmattan (2017)

Depuis 1996, l'Association belge francophone de science politique fédère les chercheur·e·s en science politique dans les différents champs qui l'animent en Belgique francophone et au-delà. Cet ouvrage ... [more ▼]

Depuis 1996, l'Association belge francophone de science politique fédère les chercheur·e·s en science politique dans les différents champs qui l'animent en Belgique francophone et au-delà. Cet ouvrage, 20e volume de la collection « Science politique », marque le 20e anniversaire de l'ABSP. Ces deux décennies ont vu de véritables métamorphoses au niveau politique et de la science politique. Ce livre collectif, mobilisant de nombreuses personnalités de l'enseignement, de la recherche et du service à la société, offre un regard rétrospectif et prospectif sur l'état de la science politique en Belgique francophone. [less ▲]

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See detailDebating on ideal rural settlement: from the classroom to the field
Schmitz, Serge ULg

Conference (2017, April)

Since 2007, I organize sessions with students or politicians aiming for a better understanding of land use and country planning. Within working groups of four to six, the participants elaborate their ... [more ▼]

Since 2007, I organize sessions with students or politicians aiming for a better understanding of land use and country planning. Within working groups of four to six, the participants elaborate their ideal village. The exercise informs about decision in planning, representations and desires regarding the countryside and rural villages. [less ▲]

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See detailKranzhugeln et seconde révolution urbaine en Haute Mésopotamie au IIIe millénaire av. J.-C.
Mas, Juliette ULg

Scientific conference (2017, April)

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See detailSize fractionation as a tool for separating charcoal of different fuel source and recalcitrance in the wildfire ash layer
Mastrolonardo, Giovanni ULg

in Science of the Total Environment (2017), 595

Charcoal is a heterogeneous material exhibiting a diverse range of properties. This variability represents a serious challenge in studies that use the properties of natural charcoal for reconstructing ... [more ▼]

Charcoal is a heterogeneous material exhibiting a diverse range of properties. This variability represents a serious challenge in studies that use the properties of natural charcoal for reconstructing wildfires history in terrestrial ecosystems. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that particle size is a sufficiently robust indicator for separating forest wildfire combustion products into fractions with distinct properties. For this purpose, we examined two different forest environments affected by contrasting wildfires in terms of severity: an eucalypt forest in Australia, which experienced an extremely severe wildfire, and a Mediterranean pine forest in Italy, which burned to moderate severity. We fractionated the ash/charcoal layers collected on the ground into four size fractions (>2, 2–1, 1–0.5, <0.5 mm) and analysed them for mineral ash content, elemental composition, chemical structure (by IR spectroscopy), fuel source and charcoal reflectance (by reflected-light microscopy), and chemical/thermal recalcitrance (by chemical and thermal oxidation). At both sites, the finest fraction (<0.5 mm) had, by far, the greatest mass. The C concentration and C/N ratio decreased with decreasing size fraction, while pH and the mineral ash content followed the opposite trend. The coarser fractions showed higher contribution of amorphous carbon and stronger recalcitrance. We also observed that certain fuel types were preferentially represented by particular size fractions. We conclude that the differences between ash/charcoal size fractions were most likely primarily imposed by fuel source and secondarily by burning conditions. Size fractionation can therefore serve as a valuable tool to characterise the forest wildfire combustion products, as each fraction displays a narrower range of properties than the whole sample. We propose the mineral ash content of the fractions as criterion for selecting the appropriate number of fractions to analyse. [less ▲]

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See detailAn innovative non-animal chitosan hydrogel is able to restore the rheology of osteoarthritis synovial fluid ex vivo
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Rocasalbas, Guillem; Chausson, Mickaël et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017, April)

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See detailHypercalcemie par mutation inactivatrice du CYP24A1. Etude d'un cas et revue de la litterature.
Seidowsky, Alexandre; Villain, Cedric; Vilaine, Eve et al

in Néphrologie & Thérapeutique (2017)

We present the case of a family whose members have high levels of serum calcium (hypercalcaemia) by loss of function of the enzyme vitamin D 24-hydroxylase due to bi-allelic mutations in the CYP24A1 gene ... [more ▼]

We present the case of a family whose members have high levels of serum calcium (hypercalcaemia) by loss of function of the enzyme vitamin D 24-hydroxylase due to bi-allelic mutations in the CYP24A1 gene: c.443 T>C (p.Leu148Pro) and c.1187 G>A (p.Arg396Gln). 24-VITD hydroxylase is a key player in regulating the circulating calcitriol, its tissue concentration and its biological effects. Transmission is recessive. The estimated prevalence of stones in the affected subjects is estimated between 10 and 15%. The loss of peripheral catabolism of vitamin D metabolites in patients with an inactivating mutation of CYP24A1 is responsible for persistent high levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D especially after sun exposure and a charge of native vitamin D. Although there are currently no recommendations (French review) on this subject, this disease should be suspected in association with recurrent calcium stones with nephrocalcinosis, and a calcitriol-dependent hypercalcaemia with adapted low parathyroid hormone levels. Resistance to corticosteroid therapy distinguishes it from other calcitriol-dependent hypercalcemia. A ratio of 25-hydroxyvitamin D/24.25 hydroxyvitamin D>50, is in favor of hypercalcemia with vitamin D deficiency 24-hydroxylase. Genetic analysis of CYP24A1 should be performed at the second step. The current therapeutic management includes the restriction native vitamin D supplementation and the limitation of sun exposure. Biological monitoring will be based on serum calcium control and modulation of parathyroid hormone concentrations. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ÉCHOGRAPHIE EN SITUATION DE SOIN : STÉTHOSCOPE DU FUTUR POUR LE MÉDECIN GÉNÉRALISTE ?
Henrard, Gilles ULg; Froidcoeur, Xavier ULg; Schoffeniels, Colombe et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2017)

Ultrasound is presently emerging not only as a specialist-delegated diagnostic procedure, but also as a tool used by clinicians for guiding decision. If this paradigm shift has taken roots in places like ... [more ▼]

Ultrasound is presently emerging not only as a specialist-delegated diagnostic procedure, but also as a tool used by clinicians for guiding decision. If this paradigm shift has taken roots in places like emergency departments, initiatives are also set up here and there in general practice. The aim of this article is , through a literature review, to identify possible indications of ultrasound performed by the general practitioner and to initiate a discussion about the obstacles and opportunities associated with its introduction in Belgian General Practice settings. [less ▲]

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See detailDéploiement de dispositifs numériques au sein de nouvelles formes d’organisation : de l’émergence à la stabilisation
Jemine, Grégory ULg

in Sociologies Pratiques (2017), 34(1), 49-59

De plus en plus d’organisations du secteur des services s’équipent aujourd’hui de dispositifs numériques variés qui modifient les contextes et les contenus du travail. Ces outils sont présentés comme des ... [more ▼]

De plus en plus d’organisations du secteur des services s’équipent aujourd’hui de dispositifs numériques variés qui modifient les contextes et les contenus du travail. Ces outils sont présentés comme des ingrédients indispensables des modes managériales actuelles qui permettraient à divers dispositifs organisationnels promouvant la flexibilité et la mobilité de s’incarner. La présente contribution propose une étude des ressorts de l’émergence et de la stabilisation de ces dispositifs numériques qui émergent dans le cours de transformations organisationnelles. Nous montrons comment, dans une compagnie d’assurances, les dispositifs numériques sont mobilisés pour répondre à une volonté de « modernisation » de l’organisation et d’optimisation de l’espace de travail. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy due to a novel SLCO2A1 mutation masquerading as acromegaly
Mangupli, Ruth; Daly, Adrian ULg; Cuauro, Elvia et al

in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Case Reports (2017)

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See detailA Royal Head
Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Connor, Simon

in Ben-Tor, Amnon; Zuckerman, Sharon; Bechar, Shlomit (Eds.) et al Hazor VII. The 1990-2012 excavations. The Bronze Age (2017)

Publication / entry in an archaeological report of a greywacke royal head excavated in Tell Hazor, in stratum XIII, in the debris of the final destruction of the site (mid-thirteenth century BCE)

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See detailVitamin D supplementation in the prevention and management of major chronic diseases not related to mineral homeostasis in adults: research for evidence and a scientific statement from the European society for clinical and economic aspects of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis (ESCEO)
Cianferotti, Luisella; Bertoldo, Francesco; Bischoff-Ferrari, Heike et al

in Endocrine (2017), 56(2), 245-61

Introduction Optimal vitamin D status promotes skeletal health and is recommended with specific treatment in individuals at high risk for fragility fractures. A growing body of literature has provided ... [more ▼]

Introduction Optimal vitamin D status promotes skeletal health and is recommended with specific treatment in individuals at high risk for fragility fractures. A growing body of literature has provided indirect and some direct evidence for possible extraskeletal vitamin D-related effects. Purpose and Methods Members of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis have reviewed the main evidence for possible proven benefits of vitamin D supplementation in adults at risk of or with overt chronic extra-skeletal diseases, providing recommendations and guidelines for future studies in this field. Results and conclusions Robust mechanistic evidence is available from in vitro studies and in vivo animal studies, usually employing cholecalciferol, calcidiol or calcitriol in pharmacologic rather than physiologic doses. Although many cross-sectional and prospective association studies in humans have shown that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (i.e., <50 nmol/L) are consistently associated with chronic diseases, further strengthened by a dose-response relationship, several meta-analyses of clinical trials have shown contradictory results. Overall, large randomized controlled trials with sufficient doses of vitamin D are missing, and available small to moderate-size trials often included people with baseline levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels >50 nmol/L, did not simultaneously assess multiple outcomes, and did not report overall safety (e.g., falls). Thus, no recommendations can be made to date for the use of vitamin D supplementation in general, parental compounds, or non-hypercalcemic vitamin D analogs in the prevention and treatment of extra-skeletal chronic diseases. Moreover, attainment of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels well above the threshold desired for bone health cannot be recommended based on current evidence, since safety has yet to be confirmed. Finally, the promising findings from mechanistic studies, large cohort studies, and small clinical trials obtained for autoimmune diseases (including type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and systemic lupus erythematosus), cardiovascular disorders, and overall reduction in mortality require further confirmation. [less ▲]

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See detailLa réforme du crédit hypothécaire
Biquet, Christine ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales, Vol. 65 (2017)

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See detailDes "fabriques de mosquée" à Bruxelles?
Husson, Jean-François ULg

Article for general public (2017)

Le bourgmestre de Bruxelles a proposé la création de "fabriques de mosquées" pour encadrer l'action des lieux de culte musulmans. Cette carte blanche lui répond, en expliquant qu'un tel instrument existe ... [more ▼]

Le bourgmestre de Bruxelles a proposé la création de "fabriques de mosquées" pour encadrer l'action des lieux de culte musulmans. Cette carte blanche lui répond, en expliquant qu'un tel instrument existe déjà et que cela ne répondra par ailleurs pas à certaines inquiétudes exprimées. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical sub-categorization of minimally conscious state according to resting functional connectivity
Aubinet, Charlène ULg; Heine, Lizette ULg; Martial, Charlotte ULg et al

Conference (2017, March 31)

Introduction: Patients in a minimally conscious state (MCS) have been subcategorized in MCS plus and MCS minus, respectively with and without command following capacity. Here we aim to characterize ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Patients in a minimally conscious state (MCS) have been subcategorized in MCS plus and MCS minus, respectively with and without command following capacity. Here we aim to characterize differences in MCS plus as compared to MCS minus by means of functional connectivity (FC). Method: Resting state functional magnetic resonance imagery (fMRI) was acquired in 292 MCS patients and a seed-based analysis was conducted on a convenience sample of 19 MCS patients (10 MCS plus and 9 MCS minus) and 35 healthy controls. We investigated the left and right frontoparietal networks (FPN), the auditory network and the default mode network (DMN). We employed a ROI-to-ROI analysis to investigate the inter-hemispheric connectivity and we investigated inter-group differences in grey and white matter volume by means of voxel-based morphometry. Results: We found a higher FC in MCS plus as compared to MCS minus in the left FPN, specifically between the left dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex and the left temporo-occipital fusiform cortex (TOFC). The FC of auditory network, right FPN and DMN, inter-hemispheric connectivity and structure of grey and white matter did not show differences between patients groups. Discussion: Our results suggest that the clinical sub-categorization of MCS is sustained by FC differences in a language-related executive control network. MCS plus and MCS minus patients are not differentiated by networks involved in auditory processing, perception of surroundings and internal thoughts, nor by differences in inter-hemispheric connectivity and in morphology. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-evaporator air-conditioning system (MEAC): NUMERICAL MODELLING & EXPERIMENTAL TEST BENCH
Gillet, Thomas ULg

Scientific conference (2017, March 31)

Regulation in terms of greenhouse gas emissions becomes more and more stringent and the fuel consumption targets decrease. In order to meet these demands, vehicle electrification has increased over the ... [more ▼]

Regulation in terms of greenhouse gas emissions becomes more and more stringent and the fuel consumption targets decrease. In order to meet these demands, vehicle electrification has increased over the last decade. With the arrival of plug-in hybrids and battery electric vehicles, efficient battery cooling system becomes a necessity and has to be integrated into the vehicle thermal management. One of the possibility is to integrate a chiller in the air conditioning system for extreme operating points. Moreover, this kind of system can be dedicated to luxury or large passenger cars for which a secondary evaporator is present to guarantee the comfort for rear passengers. The main challenge of this air-conditioning architecture is to maintain simultaneously the cabin thermal comfort via one or two evaporators on one hand and to maintain the battery cells in an ideal temperature range on the other hand. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of hypertension in renal transplant patients
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2017, March 31)

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See detailHRS4R : quel apport pour les établissements, quelle plus-value pour les chercheurs ?
Halleux, Isabelle ULg

Scientific conference (2017, March 30)

La communication est destinée à présenter les nouveautés du processus de HR stratégie en recherche proposé par la Commission Européenne pour mettre en œuvre le principes de la charte européenne du ... [more ▼]

La communication est destinée à présenter les nouveautés du processus de HR stratégie en recherche proposé par la Commission Européenne pour mettre en œuvre le principes de la charte européenne du chercheur, ainsi que les bénéfices pour les institutions et les chercheurs [less ▲]

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