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See detailKIAA1199: a novel regulator of MEK/ERK-induced Schwann cell dedifferentiation
Boerboom, Angelique; Reusch, Céline ULiege; Pieltain, Alexandra ULiege et al

in Glia (in press)

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See detailPulse-Based Control Using Koopman Operator Under Parametric Uncertainty
Sootla, Aivar; Ernst, Damien ULiege

in IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control (in press)

In applications, such as biomedicine and systems/synthetic biology, technical limitations in actuation complicate implementation of time-varying control signals. In order to alleviate some of these ... [more ▼]

In applications, such as biomedicine and systems/synthetic biology, technical limitations in actuation complicate implementation of time-varying control signals. In order to alleviate some of these limitations, it may be desirable to derive simple control policies, such as step functions with fixed magnitude and length (or temporal pulses). In this technical note, we further develop a recently proposed pulse-based solution to the convergence problem, i.e., minimizing the convergence time to the target exponentially stable equilibrium, for monotone systems. In particular, we extend this solution to monotone systems with parametric uncertainty. Our solutions also provide worst-case estimates on convergence times. Furthermore, we indicate how our tools can be used for a class of non-monotone systems, and more importantly how these tools can be extended to other control problems. We illustrate our approach on switching under parametric uncertainty and regulation around a saddle point problems in a genetic toggle switch system. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifaceted Brain Networks Reconfiguration in Disorders of Consciousness Uncovered by Co-Activation Patterns
Di Perri, Carol ULiege; Amico, Enrico; Heine, Lizette ULiege et al

in Human Brain Mapping (in press)

Introduction: Given that recent research has shown that functional connectivity is not a static phenomenon, we aim to investigate the dynamic properties of the default mode network’s (DMN) connectivity in ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Given that recent research has shown that functional connectivity is not a static phenomenon, we aim to investigate the dynamic properties of the default mode network’s (DMN) connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness. Methods: Resting-state fMRI volumes of a convenience sample of 17 patients in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and controls were reduced to a spatiotemporal point process by selecting critical time points in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). Spatial clustering was performed on the extracted PCC time frames to obtain 8 different co-activation patterns (CAPs). We investigated spatial connectivity patterns positively and negatively correlated with PCC using both CAPs and standard stationary method. We calculated CAPs occurrences and the total number of frames. Results: Compared to controls, patients showed (i) decreased within-network positive correlations and between-network negative correlations, (ii) emergence of “pathological” within-network negative correlations and between-network positive correlations (better defined with CAPs), and (iii) “pathological” increases in within-network positive correlations and between-network negative correlations (only detectable using CAPs). Patients showed decreased occurrence of DMN-like CAPs (1–2) compared to controls. No between-group differences were observed in the total number of frames Conclusion: CAPs reveal at a more fine-grained level the multifaceted spatial connectivity reconfiguration following the DMN disruption in UWS patients, which is more complex than previously thought and suggests alternative anatomical substrates for consciousness. BOLD fluctuations do not seem to differ between patients and controls, suggesting that BOLD response represents an intrinsic feature of the signal, and therefore that spatial configuration is more important for consciousness than BOLD activation itself. [less ▲]

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See detailComment la participation à une recherche contribue au développement professionnel : le cas des exemples à l’Université
Fossion, Gilles ULiege; Faulx, Daniel ULiege

in Recherches Qualitatives (in press)

La recherche scientifique constitue un des piliers centraux de l’activité universitaire. Nous nous sommes donc questionnés sur les apprentissages générés par celle-ci. Après avoir brièvement décrit les ... [more ▼]

La recherche scientifique constitue un des piliers centraux de l’activité universitaire. Nous nous sommes donc questionnés sur les apprentissages générés par celle-ci. Après avoir brièvement décrit les objectifs et enjeux de cette communication, nous proposons une présentation des objectifs et de la méthodologie de la recherche que nous avons menée au sein des Facultés de Psychologie et des Sciences de l’Éducation de l’Université de Liège. Nous poursuivons, enfin, par la mise en évidence de ses principaux résultats. Ces résultats se situent sur deux niveaux. D’une part, nous présentons les résultats inhérents à la recherche - relative aux impacts générés par la mobilisation de l’exemple au sein du discours pédagogique - et qui contribue à l’enrichissement du champ scientifique abordé. D’autre part, nous abordons les résultats qui permettent la mise en évidence de l’aspect formatif que revêt la participation à une recherche scientifique pour les acteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à un lexique épigraphique: "deltographéma"
Famerie, Etienne ULiege

in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (in press)

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See detailPrediction-focused approaches: an opportunity for hydrology
Hermans, Thomas ULiege

in Groundwater (in press)

Our ability to predict the evolution of complex hydrological system is fundamental. For decades, such problems have been solved by calibrating a conceptual model of the subsurface to fit data ... [more ▼]

Our ability to predict the evolution of complex hydrological system is fundamental. For decades, such problems have been solved by calibrating a conceptual model of the subsurface to fit data. Unfortunately, model calibration does not allow a realistic uncertainty quantification, whereas stochastic inversion is often computationally prohibitive. In this contribution, prediction-focused approaches (PFAs) are introduced to overcome those main shortcomings. This new paradigm focused on generating predictions directly from the data instead of generating models. A group of prior models is used to generate the data and the prediction in order to derive a direct relationship between both types of variables. The advantages, limitations and research perspectives are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailNormalizing shoulder EMG: an optimal set of maximum isometric voluntary contraction tests considering reproducibility
Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Tubez, François ULiege; WANG, François-Charles ULiege et al

in Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology (in press)

Normalization of the electromyography (EMG) signal is often performed relatively to maximal voluntary activations (MVA) obtained during maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MVIC). The first aim was to ... [more ▼]

Normalization of the electromyography (EMG) signal is often performed relatively to maximal voluntary activations (MVA) obtained during maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MVIC). The first aim was to provide an inter-session reproducible protocol to normalize the signal of eight shoulder muscles. The protocol should also lead to a level of activation >90% of MVA for >90% of the volunteers. The second aim was to evaluate the influence of the method used to extract the MVA from the EMG envelope on the normalized EMG signal. Thirteen volunteers performed 12 MVICs twice (one-week interval). Several time constants (100 ms to 2 s) were compared when extracting the MVA from the EMG envelope. The EMG activity was also acquired during an arm elevation. Our results show that a combination of nine MVIC tests was required to meet our requirements including reproducibility. Both the number of MVIC tests and the size of the time constant influence the normalized EMG signal during the dynamic activity (variations up to 15%). A time constant of 1 s was a good compromise to extract the MVA. These findings are valuable to improve the reproducibility of EMG signal normalization. [less ▲]

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See detailUrethral intussusception following traumatic catheterization in a male cat
Broux, Olivier ULiege; Vangrinsven, Emilie ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Laure ULiege et al

in Canadian Veterinary Journal = Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne (in press)

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See detailL'espace transitionnel winnicotien et l'_Urraum_ kantien
Seba, Jean-Renaud ULiege

in Revista Natureza Humana (in press)

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See detailObjet et pratiques sémiotiques : quelques enjeux médiatiques du support photographique
Honba Honba, Cédric ULiege

in Signata. Annales des Sémiotiques = Annals of Semiotics (in press)

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See detailL’esthétique comme composante ludo-narrative d’un jeu. L’exemple d’INSIDE
Delbouille, Julie ULiege

in Art&Fact (in press)

Les champignons dans l’univers de Mario ; l’esthétique pixellisée de Minecraft ou d’Undertale ; le bleu azur dans Portal : autant de signes visuels qui, en tant que composantes d’un style ou d’une ... [more ▼]

Les champignons dans l’univers de Mario ; l’esthétique pixellisée de Minecraft ou d’Undertale ; le bleu azur dans Portal : autant de signes visuels qui, en tant que composantes d’un style ou d’une iconographie spécifique, signent l’identité esthétique d’une œuvre vidéoludique. Or, si les caractéristiques visuelles du jeu vidéo sont régulièrement évoquées, les réflexions qu’elles initient se limitent encore trop souvent à une évaluation des performances graphiques du jeu, voire à un commentaire sur l’appartenance ou non du médium au domaine artistique. Dans ce court article – qui marque une première étape, encore balbutiante, dans ce domaine de nos recherches –, nous souhaitons ouvrir un dialogue avec le lecteur sur le rôle de l’esthétique vidéoludique, à travers l’analyse d’une œuvre. Loin d’être anecdotique, la dimension esthétique d’un jeu joue un rôle essentiel dans la co- construction d’autres composantes du dispositif ludique, telles que la jouabilité ou la narration – le terme « esthétique » ne désignant donc pas ici le jugement de goût ou le beau, mais l’ensemble des caractéristiques formelles constituant l’identité visuelle du jeu. Inscrite au cœur de la structure des objets-jeux (du game), l’esthétique vidéoludique a également un impact tant sur l’expérience de jeu que sur la posture des joueurs (le play). Cet article se propose d’explorer ce rôle potentiel de l’esthétique à travers un cas d’étude : le jeu INSIDE (Playdead, 2015). Si notre analyse peut se déployer au sein de nombreuses œuvres vidéoludiques, l’exemple d’INSIDE se distingue par une particularité : son esthétique constitue un des piliers de la narration et d’une réflexivité qui marque profondément le gameplay du jeu – réflexivité qui a été étudiée dans un précédent article (Barnabé et Delbouille ; 2017). Plonger au cœur d’INSIDE permet donc non seulement d’illustrer la façon dont l’esthétique peut être mobilisée pour renforcer les autres dimensions du jeu, mais également la nécessité d’étudier l’esthétique propre au médium vidéoludique – au-delà de la simple qualité graphique ou du jugement de goût. [less ▲]

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See detailRethinking the Memorable Panel from Pierre Sterckx to Olivier Josso Hamel
Crucifix, Benoît ULiege

in European Comic Art (in press), 10(2), 24-47

Going back to the origins of the ‘case mémorable’ in the pages of Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée, this article revisits the debates between Pierre Sterckx and Benoît Peeters, articulated around a ... [more ▼]

Going back to the origins of the ‘case mémorable’ in the pages of Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée, this article revisits the debates between Pierre Sterckx and Benoît Peeters, articulated around a conceptual tension between linear and tabular, about the relationship between single panels and narrative. It proposes that the ‘remembered panel’ pinpoints important issues about the recirculation of single images, isolated from their contexts, and the discourse of memory that becomes associated with it. A close-reading of Olivier Josso Hamel’s Au travail, in which the cartoonist redraws his own set of remembered panels, further calls for a reconsideration of Sterckx’s concept in the light of a creative practice that intimately engages with the memory of such panels in a complex relationship to their original narratives. [less ▲]

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See detailRemapping Australia: Murray Bail's New Topographies of the Self in the Notebooks
Herbillon, Marie ULiege

in Commonwealth : Essays and Studies (in press), 40(1),

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See detailDo metaphors matter? The impact of a metaphor on citizens’ representations and preferences about federalism
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULiege; Perrez, Julien ULiege; Reuchamps

in Regional & Federal Studies (in press)

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See detailLes limites de la Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) dans une population médico-légale souffrant de schizophrénie
De Page, Louis; Matteucci, Marie; Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Aim: The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is the most studied and validated instrument to measure psychopathy. We aimed to explore its items content invariance to forensic schizophrenic subjects ... [more ▼]

Aim: The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is the most studied and validated instrument to measure psychopathy. We aimed to explore its items content invariance to forensic schizophrenic subjects. Method: We examined the PCL-R protocol of 15 male forensic schizophrenic subjects and attributed a score of sensitivity to psychotic symptomatology to each item score. Results: Results suggest that the applicability of the PCL-R items to a forensic schizophrenic sample is not to be blindly warranted. Some items more systematically positively influenced by psychotic symptoms (e.g. Shallow Affect, Lack of Remorse or Guilt), while others were negatively influenced (e.g. Promiscuous Sexual Behavior, Glib and Superficial Charm), or not influenced at all (e.g. Criminal Versatility). Conclusions: The current study suggest that the applicability of the PCL-R items to a forensic schizophrenic sample is not to be blindly warranted. We discuss both psychometric and conceptual implications for the measurement of psychopathy when a diagnosis of schizophrenia has been established. [less ▲]

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See detail'Les orphelins sur la tombe de leur mère' at the Crossing with Flemish Tradition
Peere, Isabelle ULiege

in B·A·S·I·S: Ballads and Songs - International Studies (in press)

The study proposes a comparative analysis of the French-language and Flemish/Dutch versions of the international ballad deriving from the Danish 'Moderen under Mulde' (Dgf 89), and on this basis ... [more ▼]

The study proposes a comparative analysis of the French-language and Flemish/Dutch versions of the international ballad deriving from the Danish 'Moderen under Mulde' (Dgf 89), and on this basis identifies three French-language texts recorded in North-east France and Wallonia yet showing closer affinities to the neighbouring Flemish tradition. In the light of both textual traditions, their unilateral adoption of Flemish motifs and their enhancing effect suggests deliberate selection rather than mere geographical proximity or bilingualism as explanation for their hybridization. [less ▲]

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See detailRéduire l’altérité au travers des processus de traduction et de représentation
Leclercq, Bruno ULiege; Smette, Bernard ULiege

in Doctorales. Revue LLA-SHS de Montpellier (in press)

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity ... [more ▼]

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity for building equivalences from one language to another through a strategy of reducing the differences in rationality among nations as much as possible. According to Quine, otherness is not insuperable impediment to meeting/encounter and mutual understanding ; by throwing our conceptual schemes on the other communities’ uses/practices – which of course involves some symbolic violence – gaps can always been narrowed. Similarly E. Laclau questions the traditional conception of political representation, which is seen as the transparent process of transmitting someone’s will or interests on another level. For this ideal conception of representation, Laclau substitutes a pragmatic conception which takes in account the irreducible gap between the actors as well as the constitutive opacity of the process of representation : the subject’s will is constituted within the process of representation and through the representative’s productive role. In order to be transposed at the decision-making level, the subject’s interests must be translated by the representative as well as be negotiated with the other represented interests. This implies that the initial will undergoes some identity transformations. [less ▲]

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See detailOutbreak investigations and molecular characterization of foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in southwest Niger
Kouato; Fana, EM; King, DP et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

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See detailCrystal Structure and Kinetic Analysis of the Class B3 Di-Zinc Metallo-β-Lactamase LRA-12 from an Alaskan Soil Metagenome
Rodríguez, María Margarita; Herman, Raphaël ULiege; Ghiglione, Barbara et al

in PLoS ONE (in press)

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See detailVideo Games in France and Francophone Belgium. Discourses and cultural legitimation
Delbouille, Julie ULiege

in Contemporary French Civilization (in press)

Since its first appearance in the early 1960s, video game has become one of the most popular forms of entertainment in France and francophone Belgium. As for other cultural industries, the last decades ... [more ▼]

Since its first appearance in the early 1960s, video game has become one of the most popular forms of entertainment in France and francophone Belgium. As for other cultural industries, the last decades have seen the emergence of multiple discourses around video game, whether they come from the media, the public or the private sphere. From the themes of violence and addiction to the perception of video game as a cultural object, this paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of game-related discourses and representations (and their recent evolution) in Francophone Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu : Marc Kiwitt, Les gloses françaises du glossaire biblique B.N. hébr. 301
Baiwir, Esther ULiege

in Moyen Age (Le) (in press)

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See detailEntre mutation et métissage Co-construction d’une ethnographie émancipatrice et féministe
Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

in Émulation Revue des Jeunes Chercheuses et chercheurs en sciences sociales (in press)

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See detailInterpolation schemes for geometrically exact beams: A motion approach
Sonneville, Valentin; Bruls, Olivier ULiege; Bauchau, Olivier A.

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (in press)

This paper focuses on the interpolation of the kinematic fields describing the configuration of geometrically exact beams, namely, the position and rotation fields. Two kinematic representations are ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the interpolation of the kinematic fields describing the configuration of geometrically exact beams, namely, the position and rotation fields. Two kinematic representations are investigated: the classical approach that treats the displacement and rotation fields separately and the motion approach that treats those two fields as a unit. The latter approach is found to be more consistent with the kinematic description of beams. Then, two finite element interpolation strategies are presented and contrasted. The first interpolates the displacement and rotation fields separately, whereas the second interpolates both fields as a unit, in a manner consistent with the motion approach. The performance of both strategies is evaluated in light of the fundamental requirements for the convergence of the finite element method: the ability to represent rigid-body motions and constant strain states. It is shown that the traditional uncoupled interpolation scheme for the position field approximates that based on the motion approach and that the coupling induced by the interpolation of motion yields superior convergence rates for the representation of constant strain states. This property is known to lead to finite elements that are less prone to the locking phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating the impact of river floods on travel demand based on an agent-based modeling approach: The case of Liège, Belgium
Saadi, Ismaïl ULiege; El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege et al

in Transport Policy (in press)

In Belgium, river floods are among the most frequent natural disasters and they may have important consequences on travel demand. In order to better understand how the travel patterns vary, we propose to ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, river floods are among the most frequent natural disasters and they may have important consequences on travel demand. In order to better understand how the travel patterns vary, we propose to set up a large scale scenario based on MATSim for guarantying an accurate assessment of the impact of river floods on the transportation system. As inputs, the current agent-based model requires a base year population. A synthetic population with respective set of attributes is generated as a key input. Afterwards, agents are assigned activity chains through an activity-based generation process. Finally, the synthetic population and the transportation network are integrated into MATSim. Regarding data, households travel surveys, OD matrix of Belgium have been used to set up the demand. For simulating river floods effects, a steady-state inundation map has been integrated within MATSim. In the current study, five scenarios have been tested where critical links are associated various levels of service, i.e. 10%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (base case scenario). They are systematically compared to the standard scenario to estimate the deviations in terms of traffic patterns and travel times. The results suggest that compared to the standard scenario, the average trip travel time increased by 16.36%, 44.44%, 126.77% and 144.44% with respect to scenarios 75%, 50%, 25% and 10% respectively. Also, the traffic flows have been re-distributed more uniformly across the transportation network. Roads with important traffic volumes are subjected to a decrease of activity on the contrary of roads with low traffic volumes. A very few studies have focused on how river floods affect transportation systems, this paper provided new insights in term of methodology and traffic patterns analysis under disruptions. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobiological zoonotic emerging risks, transmitted between livestock animals and humans (2007-2015)
Filippitzi, ME; Goumperis, T; Robinson, T et al

in Transboundary and emerging diseases (in press)

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See detailDifferential contributions of default and dorsal attention networks to remembering thoughts and external stimuli from real-life events
Stawarczyk, David ULiege; Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege

in Cerebral Cortex (in press)

Episodic memories are typically composed of perceptual information derived from the external environment and representations of internal states (e.g., one’s thoughts during prior episodes). To date ... [more ▼]

Episodic memories are typically composed of perceptual information derived from the external environment and representations of internal states (e.g., one’s thoughts during prior episodes). To date, however, research has mostly focused on the remembrance of external stimuli, such that little is known about how internal mentation is represented within episodic memory. In the present fMRI study, we examined the neural correlates of these two components of episodic memories using a novel method of cuing memories from photographs taken during real-life events. We found that, compared to corresponding semantic memory tasks, memories for internal thoughts and external elements were associated with activity in brain areas supporting episodic recollection. Most importantly, however, the two kinds of memories also showed differential activation in large-scale brain networks: the remembrance of external elements was associated with greater activity in the dorsal attention network, whereas memories of internal thoughts mainly recruited default network areas. These findings shed new light on the representation of internal and external aspects of prior experience within episodic memory. The default network may contribute to the reinstatement of thoughts experienced during past events, whereas the dorsal attention network may support the allocation of attention to visuo-spatial features within episodic memory representations. [less ▲]

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See detailIPCAPS: an R package for iterative pruning to capture population structure
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULiege; Abegaz Yazew, Fentaw; Tongsima, Sissades et al

in Bioinformatics : Application Notes (in press)

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with ... [more ▼]

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widely used to describe shared genetic an- cestry, improvements can be made targeting fine-level population structure. This work presents an R package called IPCAPS, which uses SNP information for resolving possibly fine-level population structure. The IPCAPS routines are built on the iterative pruning Principal Component Analysis (ipP- CA) framework to systematically assign individuals to genetically similar subgroups. Our tool is able to detect and eliminate outliers in each iteration to avoid misclassification. It can be extended to de- tect subtle subgrouping in patients as well. In addition, IPCAPS supports different measurement scales for variables used to identify substructure. Hence, panels of gene expression and methylation data can be accommodated. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathologie et monde social : les limites de l'empathie et de la sympathie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailA.P.M.H. Lardinois, J.H Blok et M.G.M. Van der Poel, Sacred Words: Orality, Literacy and Religion, Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULiege

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (in press)

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See detailStochastic Inventory Routing for Perishable Products
Crama, Yves ULiege; Rezaei Sadrabadi, Mahmood ULiege; Savelsbergh, Martin et al

in Transportation Science (in press)

Different solution methods are developed to solve an inventory routing problem for a perishable product with stochastic demands. The solution methods are compared empirically in terms of average profit ... [more ▼]

Different solution methods are developed to solve an inventory routing problem for a perishable product with stochastic demands. The solution methods are compared empirically in terms of average profit, service level, and actual freshness. The benefits of explicitly considering demand uncertainty are quantified. The computational study highlights that in certain situations a simple ordering policy can already reach a very good performance, but that statistically and economically significant improvements are achieved when using more advanced solution methods. Managerial insights concerning the impact of shelf life and store capacity on profit are also obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de G. TOUSSAINT, Kreuz und Knochen. Reliquien zur Zeit der Kreuzzüge, Berlin, 2011.
George, Philippe ULiege

in Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale (in press)

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See detailP.PalauRib. inv. 388 : fragment de codex de papier. IV Rois 15, 26-34 ; 18, 30-33 ; 18, 37-19, 2
Carlig, Nathan ULiege

in Journal of Coptic Studies (in press)

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See detailEpistémologie de la théorie du complot
Jamin, Jérôme ULiege

in Cahiers de l'Éducation Permanente (Les) (in press)

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See detailComplications of paediatric parenteral nutrition
Decsi, T; Hartman, C; Simchowitz, V et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailObservations codicologiques sur PSI 1.18 + 19 (MP³ 344 + 1207 = LDAB 2412)
Carlig, Nathan ULiege

in Analecta Papyrologica (in press)

This article presents the results of the autoptical analysis of PSI 1.18 + 19 (rests of a 5th century papyrus codex), which contains school texts. A codicological reconstruction is proposed, as well as ... [more ▼]

This article presents the results of the autoptical analysis of PSI 1.18 + 19 (rests of a 5th century papyrus codex), which contains school texts. A codicological reconstruction is proposed, as well as remarks on the use of miniature codices and of binios in papyrus codices. [less ▲]

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See detailBridging novelty and familiarity-based recognition memory: a matter of timing
Delhaye, Emma ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege; Moulin, Christopher et al

in Visual Cognition (in press)

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See detailSpatiotemporal variation of drought characteristics in the context of climate change in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China
Li, Xiang-Xiang; Ju, Hui; Garré, Sarah ULiege et al

in Journal of Integrative Agriculture (in press)

Understanding the potential drought characteristics under climate change is essential for reducing vulnerability and establishing adaptation strategies, especially in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain ... [more ▼]

Understanding the potential drought characteristics under climate change is essential for reducing vulnerability and establishing adaptation strategies, especially in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain) which is the grain production base in China. In this paper, the variation of drought characteristics including drought event frequency, duration, severity and intensity for the past 50 years (1961-2010) and future scenarios (2010-2099) based on observed meteorological data and RCP 8.5 projections were investigated, respectively. Firstly, the applicability of three climatic drought indices including the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index based on the Penman–Monteith equation (SPEI-PM) and the Thornthwaite equation (SPEI-TH) were compared in tracing recorded agricultural drought areas. Then, the drought characteristics including drought event, duration, severity and intensity using “run theory” was analyzed for both historical observations and future RCP 8.5 scenarios based on the proper index. Correlation analysis between drought indexes and agricultural drought areas showed that SPEI-PM performed better than SPI and SPEI-TH in the 3H Plain. Based on the results of SPEI-PM, droughts over the past 50 years have experienced reduced drought with shorter durations, and weaker severity and intensity. However, for the future RCP 8.5 scenario, drought is predicted to rise in frequency, duration, severity and intensity from 2010-2099 although drought components during the 2010-2039 were milder compared to historical conditions. This study highlights that the estimations for atmospheric evaporative demand would bring in differences in long term drought trend of drought indexes and consequently the applicability in 3H Plain. The results of this paper can help inform researchers and local policy makers to establish drought risk management strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailExozodiacal clouds: Hot and warm dust around main sequence stars
Kral, Quentin; Krivov, Alexander V.; Defrere, Denis ULiege et al

in Astronomical Review (in press)

A warm/hot dust component (at temperature $>$ 300K) has been detected around $\sim$ 20% of stars. This component is called "exozodiacal dust" as it presents similarities with the zodiacal dust detected in ... [more ▼]

A warm/hot dust component (at temperature $>$ 300K) has been detected around $\sim$ 20% of stars. This component is called "exozodiacal dust" as it presents similarities with the zodiacal dust detected in our Solar System, even though its physical properties and spatial distribution can be significantly different. Understanding the origin and evolution of this dust is of crucial importance, not only because its presence could hamper future detections of Earth-like planets in their habitable zones, but also because it can provide invaluable information about the inner regions of planetary systems. In this review, we present a detailed overview of the observational techniques used in the detection and characterisation of exozodiacal dust clouds ("exozodis") and the results they have yielded so far, in particular regarding the incidence rate of exozodis as a function of crucial parameters such as stellar type and age, or the presence of an outer cold debris disc. We also present the important constraints that have been obtained, on dust size distribution and spatial location, by using state-of-the-art radiation transfer models on some of these systems. Finally, we investigate the crucial issue of how to explain the presence of exozodiacal dust around so many stars (regardless of their ages) despite the fact that such dust so close to its host star should disappear rapidly due to the coupled effect of collisions and stellar radiation pressure. Several potential mechanisms have been proposed to solve this paradox and are reviewed in detail in this paper. The review finishes by presenting the future of this growing field. [less ▲]

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See detail10Nous : oser la lexicographie participative
Steffens, Marie ULiege; Beyer, Thomas ULiege

in Les Essentiels de Maqalid (in press), (8),

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See detailTonian (Neoproterozoic) eukaryotic and prokaryotic organic-walled microfossils from the upper Visingsö Group, Sweden
Loron, Corentin ULiege; Moczydłowska, Małgorzata

in Palynology (in press)

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See detailMercury stable isotopes discriminate different populations of European seabass and trace potential Hg sources around Europe
Cransveld, Alice; Amouroux, David; Tessier, Emmanuel et al

in Environmental Science & Technology (in press)

Our study reports the first data on mercury (Hg) isotope composition in marine European fish, for seven distinct populations of the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax. The use of δ20230 Hg and Δ19931 ... [more ▼]

Our study reports the first data on mercury (Hg) isotope composition in marine European fish, for seven distinct populations of the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax. The use of δ20230 Hg and Δ19931 Hg values in SIBER enabled us to estimate Hg isotopic niches, successfully discriminating several populations. Recursive-partitioning analyses demonstrated the relevance of Hg stable isotopes as discriminating tools. Hg isotopic values also provided insight on Hg contamination sources for biota in coastal environment. The overall narrow range of δ202 Hg around Europe was suggested to be related to a global atmospheric contamination while δ202 Hg at some sites was linked either to background ontamination, or with local contamination sources. Δ199 Hg was related to Hg levels of fish but we also suggest a relation with ecological conditions. Throughout this study, results from the Black Sea population stood out, displaying a Hg cycling similar to fresh water lakes. Our findings bring out the possibility to use Hg isotopes in order to discriminate distinct populations, to explore the Hg cycle on a large scale (Europe) and to distinguish sites contaminated by global versus local Hg source. The interest of using Hg sable isotopes to investigate the whole European Hg cycle is clearly highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailLa quantité contre la qualité? Les professionnels de l'emploi entre esprit gestionnaire et relation de service
Remy, Céline ULiege; Lavitry, Lynda

in Revue Française de Socio-Economie (in press), 19

L’article explore les liens et les zones de tension entre les politiques de mesure de la performance et la qualité de l’accompagnement à l’emploi telle qu’elle est définie dans les pratiques et discours ... [more ▼]

L’article explore les liens et les zones de tension entre les politiques de mesure de la performance et la qualité de l’accompagnement à l’emploi telle qu’elle est définie dans les pratiques et discours des agents et prestataires des services publics de l’emploi en France et en Belgique francophone. L’objectif est de démontrer que le pilotage du travail des intermédiaires de l’emploi par les indicateurs de mesure donne lieu à des pratiques, parfois clandestines, de mise en conformité avec le rendement statistique de leur activité. Mais parallèlement, les excès d’une quantification perçue comme abusive ou dangereuse pour leur ethos professionnel poussent une partie d’entre eux à agir en contradiction avec ces principes gestionnaires et ce, au nom de l’intérêt du demandeur d’emploi et de la prise en compte de la qualité des emplois, tendances que l’on décèle dans les deux pays étudiés. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunication of healthcare professionals: is there ageism?
Schroyen, Sarah ULiege; Adam, Stéphane ULiege; Marquet, Manon ULiege et al

in European Journal of Cancer Care (in press)

Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterized by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronizing tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the ... [more ▼]

Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterized by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronizing tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the actual context of negative view of aging. However, the link between view of aging and elderspeak has never been objectively studied in oncology. Therefore, 40 healthcare professionals (physicians and medical students) record a podcast where they have to explain an endocrine therapy to two fictional patients (40 vs 70 years old). Results show that when participants explained the treatment to the older patient, they used shorter utterances and made more repetitions. They also evoked fewer side effects such as sexual issues. Moreover, reduction of length of utterances and of word-per-minute rate was observed for older patient when participants have a positive view of aging but for both patients when they have a negative view of aging. In conclusion, physicians and medical students used elderspeak when they explained a treatment to older patients. Participants with a more negative view of aging also unconsciously talked slower and made shorter utterances to a 40 year-old patient. [less ▲]

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See detailLa légation des Pays-Bas et de la Franche-Comté en cour de Rome sous Philippe II (1573-1598). Entre limites institutionnelles et efficacité pragmatique
Regibeau, Julien ULiege

in Forum Romanum Belgicum (in press)

Dans le dernier quart du XVIe siècle, Philippe II d’Espagne est à la tête de l’ensemble territorial le plus puissant d’Europe. Fils préféré de l’Église romaine et souverain reconnu d’une grande partie de ... [more ▼]

Dans le dernier quart du XVIe siècle, Philippe II d’Espagne est à la tête de l’ensemble territorial le plus puissant d’Europe. Fils préféré de l’Église romaine et souverain reconnu d’une grande partie de l’Italie, il exerce une influence considérable sur la papauté à travers l’action de son ambassadeur espagnol résidant près le Saint-Siège. Ce dernier a pour tâche d’étendre le réseau des alliés au sein de la Curie. Il chapeaute aussi les différents services diplomatiques et ecclésiastiques des États de la monarchie présents dans la cité des papes . Si elle conserve une certaine autonomie, la légation des Pays-Bas et de la Franche-Comté près le Saint-Siège – conduite par l’agent Laurent du Blioul de 1573 à 1598 – est également soumise à la volonté de cet envoyé. Ce n’est d’ailleurs pas un hasard si l’étude de la légation à l’époque du règne de Philippe II a peu passionné les historiens . Effacée derrière la puissance de l’ambassadeur espagnol, celle-ci semble être un piètre avatar des services ecclésiastiques et diplomatiques dépêchés à Rome par les ducs de Bourgogne , Philippe le Beau ou les archiducs Albert et Isabelle . Or, si, aux temps de Laurent du Blioul, la légation, considérée en tant qu’actrice isolée dans le paysage romain, joue un rôle modeste qui se cantonne au suivi des affaires ecclésiastiques provenant des Pays-Bas et de la Franche-Comté, il faut envisager qu’elle fait partie intégrante d’une toile religieuse, diplomatique, sociale et politique plus vaste tissée à Rome par le roi Philippe II et ses agents. Dépassant les seuls intérêts des Pays-Bas, l’étude de cette institution conduit à appréhender tout un pan de la stratégie politique habsbourgeoise. L’imbrication de la légation dans le théâtre diplomatique espagnol à Rome a deux facettes : si, d’une part, elle limite les prérogatives institutionnelles de l’agent du Blioul, d’autre part, elle favorise régulièrement l’efficacité de son action. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on Water Productivity of Winter Wheat Based on MODIS and SEBAL in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China
Yang, Jian-ying; HUO, Zhi-guo; Wu, Ding-rong et al

in Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology (in press)

Understanding how the productivity of water can be increased is widely accepted to be a high priority where water resources are currently scarce and/or over-exploited in China. As the primary data source ... [more ▼]

Understanding how the productivity of water can be increased is widely accepted to be a high priority where water resources are currently scarce and/or over-exploited in China. As the primary data source, MODIS remote sensing, statistics, meteorological data, crop growth period data and ground truth-data from Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2012 were used in actual evapotranspiration estimation, yields rasterizing, and water productivity calculation for winter wheat in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain). The statistical data were synthesized to calculate district-state-level land productivity, which is then further extrapolated to pixel-level values using a MODIS NDVI image, based on a crop dominance map. Spatial variation of crop water productivity was investigated in order to reveal the key factors of crop water productivity. In addition, the relationship between water productivity and actual evapotranspiration and in subsequence yield for winter wheat was discussed in 3H Plain. The main results indicated that the SEBAL is suitable for estimating evapotranspiration in winter wheat based on the comparation between evapotranspiration measured by Yucheng (in Shandong province). The regional average value of water productivity for winter wheat was detected to be 1.21kg·m-3, with the higher value in Beijing, Tianjin, north part of Shandong province and south part of Hebei province. The pronounced relationship of spatial correlation of the yield and water productivity for winter wheat indicated that the increasing yield governed the increment of water productivity for winter wheat in the coastal land-farming-fishing area (zone1), low plain-hydropenia irrigable land and dry land zone (zone2) and basin- irrigable land and dry land (zone5). The increasing water productivity for winter wheat was recognized to be controlled by rather the increment of yield than the reduction of actual evapotranspiration for winter wheat in the piedmont plain-irrigable land (zone2). Whereas, the pronounced relationship of negative correlation of water productivity and actual evapotranspiration for winter wheat described that only the reduction of actual evapotranspiration was responsible for the increment of water productivity for winter wheat in hill-wet hot paddy-paddy field (zone6). The results is expected to provide a basis information for agricultural water management, improvement of crop water productivity and choice of adaptive mechanism under climate change in Huang-Huai-Hai plain. [less ▲]

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See detailHome Parenteral Nutrition in Paediatrics
Hill, S; Ksiaszyk, J; Prell, C et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailVoice use among music theory teachers: A voice dosimetry and self-assessment study
Schiller, Isabel ULiege; Morsomme, Dominique ULiege; Remacle, Angélique ULiege

in Journal of Voice (in press)

Objectives: (1) To investigate music theory teachers’ professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background ... [more ▼]

Objectives: (1) To investigate music theory teachers’ professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background noise, and (3) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and self-evaluation data. Methods: Using voice dosimetry, 13 music theory teachers were monitored for one workweek. Parameters analysed were voice SPL, F0, phonation time, vocal loading index (VLI) and noise SPL. Spearman’s correlation was used to correlate vocal loading parameters (voice SPL, F0 and phonation time) and noise SPL. Each day, subjects self-assessed their voice using visual analogue scales. VLI and self-evaluation data were correlated using Spearman’s correlation. Results: Vocal loading parameters and noise SPL were significantly higher in the professional than in the extra-professional environment. Voice SPL, phonation time and females’ F0 correlated positively with noise SPL. VLI correlated with self-assessed voice quality, vocal fatigue and amount of singing and speaking voice produced. Conclusions: Teaching music theory is a profession with high vocal demands. More background noise is associated with increased vocal loading and may indirectly increase the risk for voice disorders. Correlations between VLI and self-assessments suggest that these teachers are well-aware of their vocal demands and feel their effect on voice quality and vocal fatigue. Visual analogue scales seem to represent a useful tool for subjective vocal loading assessment and associated symptoms in these professional voice users. [less ▲]

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See detailStandard versus individualized parenteral nutrition
Riskin, A; Picaud, J-C; Shamir, R et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailComparison of Different Ion Mobility Setups using Poly(ethylene oxide) PEO Polymers: Drift Tube, TIMS and T-Wave
Haler, Jean ULiege; Massonnet, Philippe ULiege; Chirot, Fabien et al

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (in press)

Over the years, polymer analyses using ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) measurements have been performed on different ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) setups. In order to be able to compare ... [more ▼]

Over the years, polymer analyses using ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) measurements have been performed on different ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) setups. In order to be able to compare literature data taken on different IM(-MS) instruments, ion heating and ion temperature evaluations have already been explored. Nevertheless, extrapolations to other analytes are difficult and thus straightforward same-sample instrument comparisons seem to be the only reliable way to make sure that the different IM(-MS) setups do not greatly change the gas phase behavior. We used a large range of degrees of polymerization (DP) of poly(ethylene oxide) PEO homopolymers to measure IMS drift times on three different IM-MS setups: a homemade drift tube (DT), a trapped (TIMS) and a travelling wave (T-Wave) IMS setup. The drift time evolutions were followed for increasing polymer DPs (masses) and charge states and they are found to be comparable and reproducible on the three instruments. [less ▲]

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See detailFluid and Electrolytes (Na, Cl and K) in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Jochum, Franck; Moltu, Sissel; SENTERRE, Thibault ULiege et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailProtein requirements of collared peccary (Pecari tajacu)
Borges, Rogerio; Mendes, Alcester; Nogueira, Selene et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

A nitrogen (N) balance digestion trial was conducted to determine the protein requirement of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu). In a 4 × 4 Latin square design, four captive adult male peccaries were fed ... [more ▼]

A nitrogen (N) balance digestion trial was conducted to determine the protein requirement of collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu). In a 4 × 4 Latin square design, four captive adult male peccaries were fed four isoenergy diets containing four different levels of N (11.7, 16.3, 22.8, and 26.7 g N/kg of dry matter—DM). After 15 days of adaptation, a total collection of feces and urine was carried out for five consecutive days. Regression analyses between N intake and N in feces and urine allowed to calculate the metabolic fecal nitrogen (MFN = 2.3 g N/kg of dry matter intake—DMI) and daily endogenous urinary N (EUN = 185 mg N/kg0.75). Likewise, by regression analyses between consumption of nitrogen and the nitrogen balance (NB = N ingested − N excreted, mg N/kg0.75), a daily requirement of 514 mg N/kg0.75 was calculated. Therefore, if food intake is unrestricted, collared peccaries require a minimumin their diet of about 5.4% crude protein on DM basis. These values are almost as low as those found for browsing and frugivorous wild ruminants, which reinforce the proposition that peccaries’ digestive physiology is nearer to that of domestic and wild ruminants than domestic pigs. This relatively low protein requirement of collared peccary and its great ability to digest protein reveal the relevance of the forestomach for the species on nitrogen/protein metabolism and allow the use of diets with lower crude protein levels than the commercial ones used for the domestic pig, which reduces feed costs. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom thoughts to voices: Understanding the development of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia
Handest, P; Klimpke, C; Raballo, A et al

in Review of Philosophy and Psychology (in press)

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See detailHydraulic determination of dam releases to generate warning waves in a mountain stream: performance of an analytical kinematic wave model
Stilmant, Frédéric; Pirotton, Michel ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (in press)

In this case study, we study the generation of warning waves with prescribed characteristics in a mountain stream. We determine which dam release will generate the desired warning wave. We solve this ... [more ▼]

In this case study, we study the generation of warning waves with prescribed characteristics in a mountain stream. We determine which dam release will generate the desired warning wave. We solve this inverse problem following a two-model approach. An analytical kinematic model is used for a preliminary design of the dam release and a detailed two-dimensional (2D) fully dynamic model is used to converge to the final solution. Although the presented case study is far from an idealized academic case, the analytical model performs well and, beyond its role for preliminary design, turns out to be of prime interest for both understanding and discussing the results of the detailed 2D model. The complex interactions between the release hydrograph, the geometry of the river and the friction formula are brought to light by the analytical model, which highlights the complementarity of both models and the usefulness of such a two-model approach. [less ▲]

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See detailBehaviour and browse species selectivity of heifers grazing in a temperate silvopastoral system
Vandermeulen, Sophie ULiege; Ramírez-Restrepo, Carlos Alberto; Marche, Christian et al

in Agroforestry Systems (in press)

In Belgium silvopastoral grazing systems associating trees and pasture are instrumental in enhancing dynamic trade-offs between ruminant farming and habitat improvement. A 130-day study was conducted in ... [more ▼]

In Belgium silvopastoral grazing systems associating trees and pasture are instrumental in enhancing dynamic trade-offs between ruminant farming and habitat improvement. A 130-day study was conducted in Belgium from April to September 2013 to evaluate the effects of browsing a combination of shrubs and trees (i.e. hedge) on the selective behaviour of cattle and to relate these observations to changes in forage nutritive value. Twelve Holstein dairy heifers (Bos taurus; 487 kg) were allocated to either a control ryegrass pasture (i.e. control pasture group; CPG) or a pasture plus unrestricted browsing (i.e. browsing group; BG) of a hedge composed of shrubs and trees. Behaviour and selectivity towards the woody species were recorded for 14h on a daily basis during 3 consecutive days over spring, early summer and late summer. Leaves and stems of woody species and faecal samples were collected during each season to analyse their nutritive value and predict the dry matter intake by means of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Integrating shrubs and trees along a pasture influenced the heifers’ behaviour and BG heifers spent 19.3, 5.9 and 5.4% of their time browsing during spring, and early and late summer, respectively (P < 0.001). This behaviour was correlated to the pre-grazing pasture biomass (r=0.50; P < 0.001). Compared with the summer seasons, the greater browsing activity in spring was associated with higher plant feeding value. Overall, the most ingested species were Carpinus betulus, Cornus sanguinea, Corylus avellana and Crataegus monogyna. It was concluded that cattle use a significant time budget for browsing on temperate ryegrass pasture but further research is required to investigate potential benefits of silvopastoral systems in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst results in the use of milk mid-infrared spectra in the detection of lameness in Austrian dairy cows
Mineur, Axelle ULiege; Köck, Astrid; Grelet, Clément ULiege et al

in Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (in press)

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See detailPermutations and negative beta-shifts
Charlier, Emilie ULiege; Steiner, Wolfgang

in International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science (in press)

Elizalde (2011) characterized which permutations can be obtained by ordering consecutive elements in the trajectories of (positive) beta-transformations and beta-shifts. We prove similar results for ... [more ▼]

Elizalde (2011) characterized which permutations can be obtained by ordering consecutive elements in the trajectories of (positive) beta-transformations and beta-shifts. We prove similar results for negative bases beta. [less ▲]

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See detailIron and Trace Element in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Domellof, M; Szitanyi, P; Simchowitz, V et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailPatterns of metal distribution in hypersaline microbialites during early diagenesis: Implications for the fossil record
Sforna, Marie-Catherine ULiege; Daye, Mirna; Philippot, Pascal et al

in Geobiology (in press)

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See detailA Modal Frequency-Domain Generalised Force Matrix for the Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULiege; Giannelis, N. F.; Vio, G. A.

in Journal of Fluids & Structures (in press)

The unsteady Vortex Lattice method is becoming an increasingly popular aerodynamic modelling method for incompressible aeroelastic problems, such as flexible low-speed aircraft, wind turbines and flapping ... [more ▼]

The unsteady Vortex Lattice method is becoming an increasingly popular aerodynamic modelling method for incompressible aeroelastic problems, such as flexible low-speed aircraft, wind turbines and flapping flight. It leads to discrete time aeroelastic state space equations, which must be solved in a time-marching framework. Eigenvalue or singular value decompositions of the discrete time equations can be used in order to perform stability analysis but such procedures must be accompanied by model order reduction because the size of the equations is large. This work proposes a modal frequency domain implementation of the Vortex Lattice method, resulting in a modal generalised force matrix. Model order reduction is implicit in the modal approach and stability analysis can be carried out using industry-standard flutter analysis techniques, such as the p-k method. The approach is validated by comparison to wind tunnel flutter data obtained from rectangular cantilever flat plate wings of different aspect ratios and sweep angles. It is found that the aeroelastic model predictions follow the experimental trends for both flutter speed and frequency but tend to be moderately conservative. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of climate change on potential evapotranspiration under a historical and future climate scenario in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China
Liu, Qin; Yan, Changrong; Ju, Hui et al

in Theoretical & Applied Climatology (in press)

Climate change is widely accepted to be one of the most critical problems faced by the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain), which is a region in which there is an over-exploitation of groundwater region and ... [more ▼]

Climate change is widely accepted to be one of the most critical problems faced by the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain (3H Plain), which is a region in which there is an over-exploitation of groundwater region and where future warmer and drought conditions might intensify crop water demand. In this study, the spatiotemporal patterns of ET0 and primary driving meteorological variables were investigated based on a historical and RCP 8.5 scenario daily data set from 40 weather stations over the 3H Plain using linear regression, spline interpolation method, a partial derivative analysis and multivariate regression. The results indicated a negative trend in all the analysis periods (except spring) of the past 54 years of which only summer and the entire year were statistically significant (p < 0.01) with slopes of -1.09 and -1.30 mm·a-1 respectively. In contrast, a positive trend was observed in all four seasons and the entire year under the RCP 8.5 scenario, with the biggest increment equal to 1.36 mm·a-1 in summer and an annual increment of 3.37 mm·a-1. The spatial patterns of the seasonal and annual ET0 exhibited the lowest values in southeastern regions and the highest values in northeastern parts of Shandong Province, probably because of the combined effects of various meteorological variables over the past 54 years. Relative humidity (RH) together with solar radiation (RS) were detected to be the main climatic factors controlling the reduction of ET0 in summer, autumn, and the entire year on the 3H Plain. ET0 in spring was mainly sensitive to changes in RS and RH, whereas ET0 in winter was most sensitive to changes in wind speed (WS) and decreased due to declining RH. Under the future RCP 8.5 scenario, the annual ET0 distribution displays a rich spatial structure with a clear northeast-west gradient and anarea with low values in the southern regions, which is similarly detected in spring and summer. The most sensitive and primary controlling variables with respect to the increment of future ET0 are in the first place RS and then mean temperature in spring, while turn to be mean temperature and then RS in summer. In autumn, future ET0 is most sensitive to RH changes. WS and RH are the controlling variables for ET0 in winter. Annual future ET0 is most sensitive to RH changes and accordingly RS is responsible for the predicted increment of the annual ET0. Better understanding of current and future spatiotemporal patterns of ET0 and of the regional response of ET0 to climate change can contribute to the establishment of a policy to realize a more efficient use of water resources and a sustainable agricultural production in the 3H Plain. [less ▲]

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See detailSupplementation with 80,000 IU vitamin D3/month between November and April corrects vitamin D insufficiency without overdosing: Effect on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum concentrations.
Tournier, Herve; Tran, Nicole; Dray, Nathalie et al

in Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983) (in press)

INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D insufficiency, defined by a 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) serum concentration<20ng/mL, is highly frequent in the French general population, especially between November and April. The ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D insufficiency, defined by a 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) serum concentration<20ng/mL, is highly frequent in the French general population, especially between November and April. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether 80,000 IU vitamin D3 every month during this period of the year was able to maintain a 25OHD level between 20 and 60ng/mL in apparently healthy subjects whatever their basal vitamin D status. METHODS: Ninety-eight subjects volunteered to receive an 80,000 IU vitamin D3 dose every month between November 2014 and April 2015. Serum 25OHD, calcemia and calciuria were measured just before the first dose (Month 0), just before the 4th dose (M4), and one month after the 6th dose (M7). RESULTS: At M0, 25OHD was 17.5+/-9.5ng/mL. Sixty subjects (61.2%) had a 25OHD<20ng/mL and 25 (25.5%) had a 25OHD<10ng/mL. 25OHD increased significantly at M4 (35.3+/-8.0ng/mL) and M7 (40.1+/-8.5) without change in calcemia and calciuria. At M4, 2 subjects had a 25OHD slightly below 20ng/mL (17.6 and 19.7ng/mL), and none had a concentration>60ng/mL. At M7, all had a serum 25OHD>20ng/mL and 2 subjects had a value slightly above 60ng/mL (62.1 and 63.2ng/mL). CONCLUSION: A monthly supplementation with 80,000 IU vitamin D3 between November and April corrected vitamin D insufficiency in subjects in whom it was initially very frequent, without overdosing. This protocol is simple, safe and costless, and can be easily implemented when physicians detect risk factors for hypovitaminosis D in patients for whom a 25OHD measurement is not indicated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Forgotten History of Repetitive Audio Technologies
Levaux, Christophe ULiege

in Organised Sound (in press)

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See detailMusique et culture à Rome et dans l’Italie méridionale entre Renaissance et Baroque
Morales, Jorge ULiege

in Le jardin de musique (in press), X

Alfred Einstein soulignait en 1949 qu’« à Naples comme à Palerme, le baroque le plus extravagant fleurissait à l’église, à la cour et dans la musique ». En effet, la culture de la Méditerranée – ... [more ▼]

Alfred Einstein soulignait en 1949 qu’« à Naples comme à Palerme, le baroque le plus extravagant fleurissait à l’église, à la cour et dans la musique ». En effet, la culture de la Méditerranée – immémorial carrefour de nombreuses civilisations – a donné naissance à un monde musical riche et singulier dans la période qui court de la fin de la Renaissance au début du Baroque et sur lequel il reste beaucoup à découvrir. Il en est de même pour Rome : la richesse de l’activité musicale s’y présentait sous les formes les plus éclectiques. La Ville Eternelle était alors en effet la cour la plus importante de la Péninsule, foyer culturel majeur et porte de l’Italie méridionale. Nous pouvons constater un récent regain d’intérêt pour la recherche archivistique et historique qui a permis, à travers de nombreux travaux et colloques, de jeter un regard neuf sur le milieu musical et culturel romain et méditerranéen de cette époque (musique vocale profane et sacrée, musique instrumentale, théâtre, institutions musicales, etc.). Ces travaux jettent les fondements d’une recherche qui ne demande qu’à être approfondie. [less ▲]

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See detailSystem-based approaches for structural optimization of flexible mechanisms
Tromme, Emmanuel; Held, Alexander; Duysinx, Pierre ULiege et al

in Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering (in press)

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art methods to perform structural optimization of flexible mechanisms. These methods are based on a system-based approach, i.e. the formulation of the design problem ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art methods to perform structural optimization of flexible mechanisms. These methods are based on a system-based approach, i.e. the formulation of the design problem incorporates the time response of the mechanism that is obtained from a dynamic simulation of the flexible multibody system. The system-based approach aims at considering as precisely as possible the effects of nonlinear dynamic loading under various operating conditions. Also, the optimization process enhances most existing studies which are limited to (quasi-) static or frequency domain loading conditions. This paper briefly introduces flexible multibody system dynamics and structural optimization techniques. Afterwards, the two main methods, named the weakly and the fully coupled methods, that couple both disciplines are presented in details and the influence of the multibody system formalism is analyzed. The advantages and drawbacks of both methods are discussed and future possible research areas are mentioned. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical review of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy applications in the pharmaceutical field
Cailletaud, Johan ULiege; De Bleye, Charlotte ULiege; Dumont, Elodie ULiege et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (in press)

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a sensitive analytical tool used in the pharmaceutical field in recent years. SERS keeps all the advantages of classical Raman spectroscopy while being is ... [more ▼]

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a sensitive analytical tool used in the pharmaceutical field in recent years. SERS keeps all the advantages of classical Raman spectroscopy while being is more sensitive allowing its use for the detection and the quantification of low-dose substances contained in pharmaceutical samples. However, the analytical performance of SERS is limited due to the difficulty to implement a quantitative methodology correctly validated. Nevertheless, some studies reported the development of SERS quantitative methods especially in pharmaceutical approaches. In this context, this review presents the main concepts of the SERS technique. The different steps that need to be applied to develop a SERS quantitative method are also deeply described. The last part of the present manuscript gives a critical overview of the different SERS pharmaceutical applications that were developed for a non-exhaustive list of pharmaceutical compounds with the aim to highlights the validation criteria for each application. [less ▲]

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See detailEnjeux politiques et critiques d'une philosophie des normes
Caeymaex, Florence ULiege; Pieron, Julien ULiege

in Dissensus (in press)

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See detailLe droit de l’Union européenne face à l’économie collaborative
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

in Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Européen (in press), (3),

La présente contribution a pour objectif de proposer un état de lieux de l’incidence du droit de l’Union européenne sur le développement, la promotion et la règlementation de l’économie collaborative au ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution a pour objectif de proposer un état de lieux de l’incidence du droit de l’Union européenne sur le développement, la promotion et la règlementation de l’économie collaborative au sein du marché intérieur. Pour ce faire, cet article se divise en deux parties. Dans la première partie, le phénomène de l’économie collaborative ainsi que les approches réglementaires envisagées par les institutions de l’Union européenne pour mieux encadrer cette économie seront analysés. Nous soulignerons que l’Union européenne décide pour l’instant de ne pas proposer de nouveaux instruments de réglementation, préférant plutôt interpréter les instruments et dispositions déjà existants du droit de l’Union européenne. S’inscrivant dans cette approche, la deuxième partie de la contribution dressera une cartographie des dispositions pertinentes du droit de l’Union européenne qui gouvernent l’économie collaborative, en proposant des lignes directrices supplémentaires qui devraient permettre d’encore mieux intégrer l’économie collaborative dans le cadre juridique de l’Union européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailEarliest Mississippian rugose corals of eastern Australia: post-disaster fauna across the Devonian-Carboniferous Boundary?
Denayer, Julien ULiege; Webb, Gregory

in Palaeodiversity & Palaeoenvironments (in press)

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See detailEnergy in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Joosten, Koen; Embleton, Nick; Yan, W et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailTocopherols and polyphenols in pumpkin seed oil are moderately affected by industrially relevant roasting conditions
Van Hoed; Araujo Sampaio; Felkner et al

in European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology [=EJLST] (in press)

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See detailCultural Marxism : A Survey
Jamin, Jérôme ULiege

in Religion Compass (in press)

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See detailA Piano Made in Australia: Reinventing an Emblem of Cultural Wealth in Murray Bail's The Voyage
Herbillon, Marie ULiege

in Antipodes: A Global Journal of Australian/New Zealand Literature (in press), 31(2),

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See detailLes troubles du sommeil chez l'enfant autiste, quel rôle pour le pédopsychiatre?
Abate Ekollo, Joëlle; Malchair, Alain ULiege

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (in press)

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants ... [more ▼]

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants souffrant de troubles du spectre autistique présentent un déficit de sommeil, qui peut durer jusqu’à l’adolescence. Les troubles du spectre autistique comportent des comorbidités multiples, dont des altérations du sommeil. Ils sont importants à caractériser dans cette population, car ils peuvent avoir un impact négatif sur les comportements diurnes. Par ailleurs, ils entrainent souvent des difficultés au sein de la famille. La prise en charge doit avant tout prendre en compte le contexte environnemental afin d’améliorer les habitudes et l’hygiène du sommeil. Des questionnaires ainsi que des agendas de sommeil ont été remplis par des parents afin de démontrer l’importance d’une évaluation et d’une prise en compte des troubles du sommeil chez les enfants souffrant d’autisme en consultation pédopsychiatrique. [less ▲]

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See detailFlow field in shallow reservoir with varying inlet and outlet position
Ferrara, Velia; Erpicum, Sébastien ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (in press)

Shallow reservoirs are used for multiple purposes, such as storm water retention and trapping of sediments. Reliable predictions of the flow fields are necessary to inform the design and operation of ... [more ▼]

Shallow reservoirs are used for multiple purposes, such as storm water retention and trapping of sediments. Reliable predictions of the flow fields are necessary to inform the design and operation of these structures. Using numerical simulations, we performed a systematic analysis of the influence of the location of the inlet and outlet on the flow fields developing in rectangular shallow reservoirs of various sizes. Depending on the relative location of the inlet and outlet with respect to the reservoir centreline, contrasting flow patterns are obtained, involving either no flow reattachment, or a jet reattached on either of the reservoir sidewalls. The results reveal also the occurrence of bi-stable flow configurations, i.e. different steady state flow fields are reached depending on the flow history. This is of high relevance for the design of shallow reservoirs as such configurations should certainly be avoided to achieve a robust hydraulic sizing of the reservoir. [less ▲]

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See detailProjections photographiques et cinéma des premiers temps : La houillère de Gustave Marissiaux et les origines du cinéma minier
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULiege

in Intermédialités : Histoire et Théorie des Arts, des Lettres et des Techniques = Intermediality: History and Theory of the Arts, Literature and Technologies (in press)

Les spectacles de projection conçus par Gustave Marissiaux entre 1903 et 1926, en particulier le vaste documentaire intitulé "La houillère" (1905) est ici inscrit dans une histoire sociale des images ... [more ▼]

Les spectacles de projection conçus par Gustave Marissiaux entre 1903 et 1926, en particulier le vaste documentaire intitulé "La houillère" (1905) est ici inscrit dans une histoire sociale des images projetées et mis en rapport avec le cinéma minier des premiers temps [less ▲]

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See detailComic strips et papier glacé. Rétro-réflexivité et pseudo-sérialité dans Little Tommy Lost
Crucifix, Benoît ULiege

in Recherches en Communication (in press)

Cet article examine la place du comic strip au sein du roman graphique contemporain à travers l'analyse de Little Tommy Lost (2013) de l'auteur américain Cole Closser. La particularité de cette œuvre ... [more ▼]

Cet article examine la place du comic strip au sein du roman graphique contemporain à travers l'analyse de Little Tommy Lost (2013) de l'auteur américain Cole Closser. La particularité de cette œuvre tient en ce qu'elle se propose comme un pastiche rigoureux de divers comic strips des années 1920 et 1930, allant jusqu'à se faire passer pour une collection d'anciens strips oubliés puis redécouverts. Little Tommy Lost creuse donc une vague "rétro-réflexive" qui interroge la façon dont la bande dessinée peut remédier ses propres identités culturelles. Il s'agira de cerner les enjeux stylistiques, sériels, narratifs et culturels d'une telle remédiation rétro-réflexive. [less ▲]

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See detailNeeds-Supplies Fit and Behavioral Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification
Travaglianti, Fabrice ULiege; Babic, Audrey ULiege; Pepermans, Roland et al

in Journal of Management & Organization (in press)

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See detailEpidermodysplasia Verruciformis–like HPV infection of the Vulva in Immunosuppressed Women
Pohthipornthawat, Natkrita; Feldman, Sarah; Granter, Scott et al

in International Journal of Gynecological Pathology : Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (in press)

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See detailRôle et langue de Tchantchès dans les représentations en castelets des romans de chevalerie : le cas des Quatre fils Aymon
Baiwir, Esther ULiege; Impe, Anaëlle

in Enquêtes du Musée de la Vie Wallonne (in press)

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du ... [more ▼]

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du répertoire liégeois ? Quels sont ses moyens d'action, mais également ses modes d'expression ? Divers registres de langue apparaissent au fil des spectacles ; quels sont ceux prêtés à notre héros ? Et surtout, ce rôle et cette langue ont-ils évolué au fil du temps ? C’est à ces quelques questions que nous tentons de répondre, en observant les différentes interventions de Tchantchès dans les réécritures des aventures des quatre fils Aymon, l’une des œuvres les plus anciennes et les plus fréquemment jouées dans les théâtres liégeois dévolus aux comédiens de bois. [less ▲]

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See detailKülpe on Cognitive Attitudes
Dewalque, Arnaud ULiege

in Discipline Filosofiche (in press)

This paper offers a reconstruction of Külpe’s theory of cognitive attitudes from the perspective of contemporary debates about cognitive phenomenology. I argue that Külpe’s view constrasts with analytic ... [more ▼]

This paper offers a reconstruction of Külpe’s theory of cognitive attitudes from the perspective of contemporary debates about cognitive phenomenology. I argue that Külpe’s view constrasts with analytic mainstream approaches to the same phenomena in at least two respects. First, Külpe claims, cognitive experiences are best described in terms of occurrent cognitive acts or attitudes toward sensory, imagistic or intellectual contents. Second, occurrent cognitive attitudes are intransitively conscious in the sense that they are experienced by, or phenomenally manifest to, the subject. I call the combination of those two claims the conscious cognitive attitudes theory. I suggest that, despite some difficulties, this theory offers a worth-considering alternative to contentual and/or nonphenomenological theories of cognitive phenomena. [less ▲]

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See detailNotice brève sur l'ouvrage de O. Dubreucq : L'instruction des laïcs de Jonas d'Orléans
Close, Florence ULiege

in Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique (in press)

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See detailPsychological interventions influence patients' attitudes and beliefs about their chronic pain.
VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULiege; Gillet, Aline; MALAISE, Nicole ULiege et al

in Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine (in press)

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See detailLes Trois Trois Petits Cochons et le Grand Méchant Loup. La rencontre de deux archétypes
Jousten, Lison ULiege

in La revue des lettres modernes (in press)

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui ... [more ▼]

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui s’impose comme cas d’école parmi ces récits où surgit l’animal redouté, le loup devient l’ennemi du cochon, une créature traditionnellement associée à l’enfance. Ce tandem, qui repose sur un principe général d’opposition, brasse avec lui une série de représentations qui transparaissent en filigrane. Le détour opéré par l’histoire culturelle du cochon et quelques-uns de ses prolongements cinématographiques permet de dessiner progressivement les contours de la place occupée par le loup dans ce conte. [less ▲]

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See detailThe unexpected discovery of Brucella abortus Buck 19 vaccine in goats from Ecuador underlines the importance of biosecurity measures
Ron-Roman, J; Berkvens, D; Barzallo-Rivadeneira, D et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

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